Various Fist Strikes
This section includes the weapons of the hand and arm. Utilization of strikes are a major factor that determines your combat skill. The following is a list of strikes and their primary applications, study and learn the list.
- Horizontal Fist
- Vertical Fist
- Hammer Fist
- Back Fist
Because these strikes can be used in so many variations, we must classify them in their own section. However, one must realize that when studying RTMS nothing can really be classified at all. We must keep a constant open mind and use what we learn to help us adapt to our movements as a whole.To categorize would be to systemize the art and that only serves its purpose commercially. So remember, when training, do not program yourself to a set number of techniques or angles. That’s a process of limitation and the Total Warrior is never limited.
If you haven’t done so already, be sure to review Rick Tew’s Martial Art Strikes and Kicks form.
The horizontal fist is formed by folding the fingers into the palm and tightening with the thumb against the index finger.
The right knuckles of the index and middle fingers are used as the striking surface. The attack is linear and sometimes circular.
A very popular punch common to be received in combat. For boxers it can come from a cross or jab. It can also be received in the form of a hook or haymakers punch on the street. Primary striking areas are the face, ribs, jaw and solar plexus.
- Use this usually for jab and cross punch
Easy to use
Face, Solar Plexus
The vertical fist is formed by folding the finger into the palm and tightening with the thumb against the index finger.
The striking surface is the top two knuckles of the fist. The strike is linear.
This punch is not only good with total body push or movement but also as a boxers jab to set up your opponent for another strike. Primary striking areas are the nose, ribs, jaw and solar plexus.
- Can be used with most punches
- Easier to perform this while your elbows and arms are close to body
Easy to use
Face, Solar Plexus
The Hammer Fist is formed by making a fist.
Striking surface is the bottom meaty part of the fist. This strike is circular.
This is a good smashing attack for breaking and powering through. Usually comes from a vertical angle, but can be used similar to a back fist in horizontal blows. Primary striking areas are the face, bones and joints.
The hammer fist is a very easy attack and can be taught to most people in a matter of minutes. This makes it a great strike for self-defense. Anyone that understands the movements of swinging a hammer understands the concept of a hammer fist attack. Add the above simplicity to the fact that the wrist is less likely to receive damage and you have a great strike for beginners and experts alike.
The hammer fist is also a great strike to use when holding a weapon – pen, knife or even a stick while maintaining the fist and motions of the strike. Simple transitions and basic movements that are easy to learn and apply make for great self-defense skills.
Also, a LOT of power can be applied to the strike by lifting the hand high in the air and striking down. This is something that even beginners understand. It telegraphs the attack, but also helps you to explain that this is not an attack to use on an opponent that is quick or able to dodge your attacks. It works more as a finishing blow.
- Bottom of hand is muscle and meaty (not a lot of conditioning req.)
Powerful and effective
Joints, ribs, nose
The Back fist is formed by folding the fingers into a fist position palm turned inward.
Striking surface is the back of the hand using the knuckles of the index and middle fingers. This attack is circular.
A good face punch with leaning body movement. This attack can also be snapped to its target. Good for attacks from the side to set up for a more powerful punch. Primary striking areas are the ridge of the nose, temple and groin.
- Deceptive, spinning back-fist to head
Deceptive / Spinning
Nose, groin, temple